Quantitative Critical Theory (QuantCrit)
Critical research has historically used qualitative approaches to investigate the lived experiences of minoritized students and the social processes that create racist, sexist, and classist power structures (Gillborn et al., 2018; López et al., 2018; Jang, 2018). QuantCrit emerged as a quantitative perspective (Stage, 2007) aligned with the core principles of critical research. QuantCrit complements qualitative studies by using large-scale data to represent student outcomes in ways that reveal structural inequities that reproduce injustices (Stage, 2007). A QuantCrit perspective also pushes researchers to identify where society fails to measure outcomes for minoritized students (D’Ignazio & Klein, 2020). For example, medical research has traditionally been performed on white men, leading to a failure to identify best medical practices for white women and for Black, Indigenous, and other people of color (Brown, 2004). QuantCrit offers a series of tenets to guide research (Gillborn et al., 2018). Our tenets of QuantCrit page describes several of these tenets with examples of the ways we strive to embody them in our research.